Geographical & Physical Characteristics

Geographic Location

The municipality is located eight (8) kilometers from Lucena City, the Provincial Capital of Quezon. Its geographical coordinates are 14ᵒ0’0”N latitude and 121ᵒ45’0”E latitude.

It is bounded on the northeast by the City of Tayabas, northwest by Atimonan, southeast by Padre Burgos and southwest by the City of Lucena. Pagbilao has a total land area of 17,760 hectares as per Bureau of Lands Records.




Political Subdivision

The municipality of Pagbilao is composed of 27 barangays which are further subdivided into PUROKS in the six (6) urban/Poblacion barangays and SITIOS in the 21 rural barangays. Shown in Table No. 1 is the land area by barangay and the corresponding Punong Barangays.


1. Barangay Castillo 12.23448 PB Romulo B. Palmero
2. Barangay Daungan 9.78560 PB Maria Assumpta Zafra-Ariate
3. Barangay Del Carmen 109.48987 PB Florenio S. Ramos
4. Barangay Parang 15.08899 PB Virgilio G. Buencamino
5. Barangay Sta. Catalina 7.26241 PB Jorge T. Glorioso
6. Barangay Tambak 7.74010 PB Reynaldo P. Queaño
SUB-TOTAL 161.60145
7. Barangay Alupaye 415.54715 PB Marilyn M. Manalo
8. Barangay Añato 415.15910 PB Ramil M. Cabile
9. Barangay Antipolo 334.51140 PB Edelito Y. Jabola
10. Barangay Bantigue 580.06550 PB Apolinar R. Pornela
11. Barangay Bigo 477.81625 PB Nerissa M. Jamilano
12. Barangay Binahaan 1127.11680 PB Nicanor R. Porta
13. Barangay Bukal 150.74660 PB Privado A. Carlos
14. Barangay Iba. Bagumbungan 632.70810 PB Miguel A. Cabile
15. Barangay Ila. Bagumbungan 891.78530 PB Iluminada C. Pornela
16. Barangay Ikirin 699.61280 PB Miguel E. Oriola
17. Barangay Mapagong 559.83210 PB Lorna R. Lusterio
18. Barangay Kan. Malicboy 1588.36860 PB Maximina D. Macatangay
19. Barangay Sil. Malicboy 2122.58960 PB Renato L. Colico
20. Barangay Mayhay 292.05943 PB Calixto G. Glorioso
21. Barangay Iba. Palsabangon 1390.95110 PB Rodelo M. Merle
22. Barangay Ila. Palsabangon 1892.77500 PB Alexander I. Dequina
23. Barangay Pinagbayanan 502.51590 PB Renan A. Salles
24. Barangay Iba. Polo 1381.10590 PB Arnel R. Amandy
25. Barangay Ila. Polo 1007.35680 PB Roosvelt M. Pedreña
26. Barangay Talipan 609.59750 PB Catalino T. Glorioso
27. Barangay Tukalan 396.58620 PB Benito S. Orian
SUB TOTAL 17468.80712
Roads 17468.80712

Source: Office of the Municipal Assesor


Natural and Physical Characteristics


Pagbilao is located generally on a hill side with a slope of 0-3%. The poblacion is surrounded by agricultural crops like coconuts and rice paddies while a small percentage that of within the boundary of Mauban, has 8-15% slope.

The highest elevation is found in the area of Silangang Malicboy and the lowest is Barangay Bantigue. The area is within the range of Sierra Madre Mountain with nine (9) barangays along the Pagbilao Bay area and two (2) barangays along the Tambak River.

It can be noted that there is seemingly four clusters which can best identify the area-the poblacion barangays, the barangays along the Pagbilao Bay area, barangays along the Maharlika Highway, and the forested barangays.




Mountain Ranges

There are mountainous portions in the municipality that are situated at Barangays Binahaan, Silangang Malicboy, Kanlurang Malicboy, part of Ilayang Palsabangon and Ilayang Bagumbungan and in the island barangays of Ilaya and Ibabang Polo.


Hydrogeologic Features

Generally, there is no fault line within the area of Pagbilao. There is bountiful source of ground water due to forest areas in the municipality aside from major rivers like the Palsabangon , Tambak, and the Binahaan rivers.



Per records of the Bureau of Soils, Pagbilao has nine (9) types of soil, namely: Hydrosol, Guadalupe Clay Loam, Bolinao Clay Loam, Macolod Clay Loam, Bantay Clay, Buguey Loamy Sand, Ibaan Silty Clay Loam, Bruingan Sandy Clay Loam, and Sevilla Clay.


1. Alupaye Guadalupe Clay Loam & Buquey Loam
2. Antipolo Macolod Clay Loam
3. Añato Macolod Clay Loam
4. Bantigue Buquey Loamy Sand
5. Iba. Bagumbungan Macolod Clay Loam & Bolinao Clay Loam
6. Ila. Bagumbungan Bolinao Clay Loam
7. Bigo Macolod Clay Loam & Ibaan Silty Clay Loam
8. Binahaan Bantay Clay & Quinga Sandy Clay Loam
9. Bukal Macolod Clay Loam
10. Ikirin Macolod Clay Loam
11. Mapagong Macolod Clay Loam & Hydrosol
12. Kan. Malicboy Quinga Sandy Clay Loam & Hydrosol
13. Sil. Malicboy Bantay Clay
14. Mayhay Macolod Caly Loam
15. Iba. Palsabangon Quinga Candy Loamy & Hydrosol
16. Ila. Palsabangon Bolinao Clay Loam
17. Pinagbayanan Macolod Clay Loam & Hydrosol
18. Ibabang Polo Sevilla Clay
19. Ilayang Polo Sevilla Clay
20. Talipan Guadalupe Clay Loam & Macolod Clay Loam
20. Tukalan Macolod Clay Loam

Source : Bureau of Soils, 1994


Bolinao Clay Loam 4000
Macolod Clay Loam 3600
Bantay Clay 2800
Hydrosol 1200
Quinga Sandy Clay Loam 1600
Guadalupe Clay Loam 1000
Sevilla Clay 1120
Buquey Loamy Sand 350
Ibaan Silty Clay Loam 150
TOTAL 15,820

Source : Bureau of Soils, 1994




Mineral Resources

Limestone and industrial lime reserves are estimated at 256,438.000 M.T. and which can be found in Barangays Ilayang Bagumbungan, Silangan Malicboy, Kanlurang Malicboy and Ilayang Polo. It has an aggregate area of 27.0514 hectares.

Only a portion of Ilayang Bagumbungan is permitted for exploration for limestone manufacturing, eventually opening job opportunities for the unemployed sector of the population and the development of the surrounding area.


Water Resources

The main source of potable water of the people is the Quezon Metropolitan Water District (QMWD with water schedule on rotation from 10 am to 10 pm. Other sources are rain water, open well, natural springs scattered around the area, piped water and other watershed area in the municipality.


Forest Resources

The municipality has a total of 1,433.9350 hectares of forest area located at Barangays Malicboy, Binahaan, Ilayang Palsabangon, Ilayang Bagumbungan, Ilaya and Ibabang Polo.

The forest area within Silangang Malicboy is part of the Quezon National Forest Park classified as a virgin dipterocarp forest.

A portion of the forest area within barangays Binahaan and Ilayang Palsabangon had been subjected to timber licensing agreement but has been suspended since 1978. However it has been observed that some portions are being utilized by Kaingeros.



The municipality of Pagbilao has two (2) types of climate – dry and wet seasons with a very pronounced maximum rainfall from November to January. This is due to its nearness to the eastern coast and are not sheltered from the northeast monsoon, trade winds and storm.

Contact Us

Pagbilao Municipal Hall
Rizal St., Brgy. Sta. Catalina,
Pagbilao, Quezon

Telephone No.: (042) 797-0937
Email: [click here]

Philippine National Police
Tel. No.: (042) 797-2854
Bureau of Fire Protection
Tel No.: (042) 797-0932
Health Office
Tel No.: (042) 797-3092


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