The Official Website of the Municipal Government of Pagbilao, Quezon
  • pagbilaogov
  • pagbilaogov
  • Call Us

Geographical Physical Characteristics

February 10, 2020


Pagbilao, Quezon is one of the gateways to the South. The Municipality is located eight (8) kilometers from Lucena City, the Provincial Capital of Quezon. Its geographical coordinates are 14?0’0”N latitude and 121?45’0”E latitude. It is bounded on the northeast by the City of Tayabas, northwest by Atimonan, southeast by Padre Burgos and southwest by the City of Lucena. Pagbilao has a total land area of 17,760 hectares as per Bureau of Lands Records. It is composed of twenty seven (27) barangays; twenty one (21) of which are rural barangays and six (6) are urban barangays.


Pagbilao is located generally on a hill side with a slope of 0-3%. The poblacion is surrounded by agricultural crops like coconuts and rice while a small percentage that of within the boundary of Mauban, has <30% slope.

The highest elevation is found in the area of Silangang Malicboy and the lowest is Barangay Bantigue. The area is within the range of Sierra Madre Mountain with nine (9) barangays along the Pagbilao Bay area and five (5) barangays along the Tambak River.

It can be noted that there is seemingly four clusters which can best identify the area-the poblacion barangays, the barangays along the Pagbilao Bay area, barangays along the Maharlika Highway, and the forested barangays.

0 - 3% Bantigue, Alupaye, Mapagong, Del Carmen, portion of Iba. Palsabangon,Binhaan 520 has
3 - 9% portion of Pinagbaynan, Sil. Malicboy, Binhaan, Iba. Palsabangon, Kan. Malicboy 10,400 has
9 - 18% Daungan, Parang, Talipan, Alupaye, Mapagong, Castillo, Portion of Pinagbayanan, Bukal, Bigo, Antipolo, Tucalan, Mayhay, Ikirin, Iba. Bagumbungan, Anato 3,650 has
18 – 30% Ila. Bagumbungan, Iba. Polo, Ila. Polo, portion of Kan. Malicboy, portion of Ila. Bagumbungan, portion of Anato, Ila, Bagumbungan, Binhaan 150 has
< 30% Iba. Palabngon , portion of Sil. Malicboy, Binhaan, Iba. Palsabangon, Ila. Palsabangon 1,100 has
Pagbilao, Quezon Slope Map

Mountain Ranges

There are mountainous portions in the municipality that are situated at Barangays Binahaan, Silangang Malicboy, Kanlurang Malicboy, part of Ilayang Palsabangon and Ilayang Bagumbungan and in the island barangays of Ilaya and Ibabang Polo.

Hydrogeologic Features

Generally, there is no fault line within the area of Pagbilao. There is bountiful source of ground water due to forest areas in the municipality aside from major rivers like the Palsabangon, Tambak, Locohin, and the Binahaan rivers.


Per records of the Bureau of Soils, Pagbilao has nine (9) types of soil, namely: Hydrosol, Guadalupe Clay Loam, Bolinao Clay Loam, Macolod Clay Loam, Bantay Clay, Buguey Loamy Sand, Ibaan Silty Clay Loam, Bruingan Sandy Clay Loam, and Sevilla Clay.

Soil Types and Location
Barangays Soil Type
Alupaye Guadalupe Clay Loan & Buquey Loam
Antipolo Macolod Clay Loam
Añato Macolod Clay Loam
Bantigue Buquey Loamy Sand
Iba. Bagumbungan Macolod Clay Loam & Bolinao Clay Loam
Ila. Bagumbungan Bolinao Clay Loam
Bigo Macolod Clay Loam & Ibaan Silty Clay Loam
Binahaan Bantay Clay & Quinga Sandy Clay Loam
Bukal Macolod Clay Loam
Ikirin Macolod Caly Loam
Mapagong Macolod Clay Loam & Hydrosol
Kan. Malicboy Quinga Sandy Clay Loam & Hydrosol
Sil. Malicboy Bantay Clay
Mayhay Macolod Caly Loam
Iba. Palsabangon Quinga Candy Loamy & Hydrosol
Ila. Palsabangon Bolinao Clay Loam
Pinagbayanan Macolod Clay Loam & Hydrosol
Ibabang Polo Sevilla Clay
Ilayang Polo Sevilla Clay
Talipan Guadalupe Clay Loam & Macolod Clay Loam
Tukalan Macolod Clay Loam

Source: Bureau of Soils, 1994

Soil Types, Area in Hectares
Soil Type Area in Hectares
Bolinao Clay Loam 4,000
Macolod Clay Loam 3,600
Bantay Clay 2,800
Hydrosol 1,200
Quinga Sandy Clay Loam 1,600
Guadalupe Clay Loam 1,000
Sevilla Clay 1,120
Buquey Loamy Sand 350
Ibaan Silty Clay Loam 150
Total 15,820

Source: Bureau of Soils, 1994

Pagbilao, Quezon Soil Map

Mineral Resources

Limestone and industrial lime reserves are estimated at 256,438.000 M.T. and which can be found in Barangays Ilayang Bagumbungan, Silangan Malicboy, Kanlurang Malicboy and Ilayang Polo. It has an aggregate area of 27.0514 hectares.

Only a portion of Ilayang Bagumbungan is permitted for exploration for limestone manufacturing, eventually opening job opportunities for the unemployed sector of the population and the development of the surrounding area.

Water Resources

The main source of potable water of the people is the Quezon Metropolitan Water District (QMWD) with water schedule on rotation from 10 am to 10 pm. Other sources are the three major rivers, rain water, open well, natural springs scattered around the area, piped water and other watershed area in the municipality.

Forest Resources

The municipality has a total of 1,433.9350 hectares of forest area located at Barangays Malicboy, Binahaan, Ilayang Palsabangon, Ilayang Bagumbungan, Ilaya and Ibabang Polo.

The forest area within Silangang Malicboy is part of the Quezon National Forest Park classified as a virgin dipterocarp forest. A portion of the forest area within barangays Binahaan and Ilayang Palsabangon had been subjected to timber licensing agreement but has been suspended since 1978. However it has been observed that some portions are being utilized by Kaingeros.


The municipality of Pagbilao used to have two (2) types of climate – dry and wet seasons (source Socio Economic Profile of Pagbilao, Quezon 1984) with a very pronounced maximum rainfall from November to January. This is due to its nearness to the eastern coast and is not sheltered from the northeast monsoon, trade winds and storm.

This, however, had been refuted repeatedly as rains and dry periods have no prominent season anymore. Because during summer which should have been hot is raining much and at times with storms and the other way around during rainy season. In other words, still there are two seasons. And yet one will just guess when will it be prominent. This is primarily predicated to the climate change which brings the conditions to extreme - both raining or shine.