Demography is concerned with the collection and analysis of data relating to population indicators and the interpretation of these data against social, biological, economic, political, geographical, ecological and historical background. It should be understood that population is the most important set of information for planning. It is the basis for determining the level of needs for public services. Population creates local demand for goods and services affecting the level of economic activities in sustaining their viable existence in an area
POPULATION BY AGE GROUP AND GENDER
Per 2010 census, total population is 65,493. Of this figure, 33,098 or 50.54% are males while 32,395 or 49.46% are females. Sex ratio therefore is 1:1.02 meaning for every 100 females there are 102 males. Hence there is a predominance of male population.
POPULATION DISTRIBUTION BY AGE GROUP AND GENDER
Calendar Year 2010 vs. Calendar Year 2012
|1 – 4||3,153||2,901||6,054||3,327||2,915||6,243|
|5 – 9||4,144||3,955||8,099||4,373||3,977||8,350|
|10 – 14||4,200||3,930||8,130||4,432||3,950||8,382|
|15 – 19||3,402||3,267||6,669||3,590||3,286||6,876|
|20 – 24||2,712||2,570||5,282||2,862||2,584||5,446|
|25 – 29||2,441||2,415||4,856||2,576||2,431||5,007|
|30 – 34||2,179||2,137||4,316||2,299||2,150||4,450|
|35 – 39||2,238||2,198||4,436||2,362||2,212||4,574|
|40 – 44||2,022||1,977||3,999||2,134||1,989||4,123|
|45 – 49||1,720||1,659||3,379||1,815||1,669||3,484|
|50 – 54||1,410||1,329||2,739||1,488||1,336||2,824|
|55 – 59||974||1,003||1,977||1,028||1,011||2,038|
|60 – 64||681||706||1,387||719||711||1,430|
|65 – 69||497||597||1,094||524||603||1,128|
|70 – 74||266||393||659||281||399||679|
|75 – 79||172||312||484||182||318||499|
|80 – 84||129||286||415||136||292||428|
Population Distribution By Age Group & Gender 2010-2012
AGE DEPENDENCY RATIO
Age provides the basis for estimating population services/opportunities for different segments of population: school gong age, the dependent population, the employable group and the elderly.
For 2010, the dependent population, composed of the child and youth (0-14 years old) and those belonging to below 15 and those over 64 years old, total to 26,453 persons. The productive population or working age group total to 39,040 persons. Given these figures, total dependency ratio in 2010 is 1:0.68 meaning for every 100 productive individuals there are 68 dependent persons. Thus, the municipality is more of a provider.
Young dependency ratio is 61%; meaning there are 61 young dependents for every 100 productive population. The old dependency ratio is 7%; that is, 7 old dependents for every 100 working age group.
LABOR FORCE AND EMPLOYMENT
Labor Force or the economically active population refers to population 15 years old and above who are either employed or unemployed. Employed persons refer to those engaged in any of the major occupation. In 2010, there is a total of 39,040 labor force. Of this figure, 81.10% are employed and 18.9% are unemployed. Those who are employed may be on an employer-employee basis or self-employed and others are engaged in small –scale entrepreneurship. For 2012, as projected using the 2010 data, employed females total to 19,903 while males are 21,563. Of the unemployed, 4,200 are males and 3,637are females.
Labor Force Population by Sex and Employment Status
Source: NSO, 2010/2012 Projection
SCHOOL AGE POPULATION
School age population refers to the age of individuals who are supposed to go to school.
The advent of K-12 has brought a lot of adjustments to the Local Government Unit. It would only mean new classrooms, new facilities, new materials, new teachers, and perhaps new security. As the new guidelines set by DepEd, children who are 6 years of age must be in Grade 1 but it is also required that they undergo Pre-Scool orientation before they are accepted. So they spend elementary schooling from 12 to 16 years old. Grade 7 to 10 they are 13-16 years old. The remaining 2 years will be spent to TESDA-based education.
Around 19,563 belong to the elementary level and around 8,631 belong to the high school and TESDA-based levels From the groupings , it is estimated that around 10045 students are males and 9581 are females in the elementary, and around 4413 are males and 92284 are females in the secondary
Population By Composition by School-Age, Dependent-Age Group and Sex, Year 2010
|Age Group||Both Sexes||No.||Percentage||No.||Percentage||Sex Ratio|
|Working Age (15-64)||39,040||19,779||50.66||19,261||49.34||102.6893723|
|Labor Force (15 years and over)||41,692||20,843||49.99||20,849||50.01||99.97122164|
|Young dependent (0-14)||23,801||12,255||51.49||11,546||48.51||106.1406548|
|Old Dependent (65 and over)||2,652||1,064||40.12||1,588||59.88||67.00251889|
TOTAL POPULATION/TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS BY BARANGAY
Current (2012) population is 69,109 and households is 15,707. Urban population represents 17.54% of the total population while 82.46% represents the rural population. The urban population is distributed in the six (6) urban barangays while rural population resides in the different 21 rural barangays.
The thickly populated urban barangays are Bukal (8,928), Mapagong (5210) and Sil. Malicboy (5204). A good number of residential subdivisions are situated in Barangay Bukal. Barangay Mapagong is considered an urban influence area because of its proximity to the Poblacion or the central business district. There are informal settlers along the railways of the PNR. Sil. Malicboy is thickly populated because of the presence of educational institutions in the area, aside from accessibity to transportation lines and in-migration . Barangay Ibabang Polo (4596) is also thickly populated since the coal-fired thermal plant is situated in the area.
As to the number of households, there are 2,718 urban households and 12,989 rural households. Urban average household size is 4.56 and rural average household size is 4.39.
|BARANGAY||POPULATION||NO. OF HOUSEHOLD||AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD SIZE|
Urbanization level is defined as growth in the proportion of a population living in urban areas which takes place when there is development. Where there are economic activities/opportunities in an area, in-migration occurs resulting in increasing population.
Urban population from 1990 to 2010 showed a decreasing trend. In 1990, about 26.75% of the total populated resides in the urban areas. Data in 2010 show that the urban population represents about 17.54% of the total population. Hence, the urbanization level shows a decreasing trend which could be attributed to out-migration. A good number of Pagbilaoins are going abroad and opted to migrate together with their families.
Urbanization Levels for the Past 20 Years
|MUNICIPAL POPULATION||AVERAGED YEARLY POPULATION
GROWTH RATE (%)
|AVERAGED YEARLY TEMPO
OF URBANIZATION (%)
POPULATION DENSITY/RESIDENTIAL DENSITY
The municipality has a total land area of 17,630.40858 hectares. The urban and rural area occupy 161.60145 and 17,468.80713 hectares, respectively. With an urban population of 12,124, urban population density is 75 persons per hectare. Rural population density is 3 persons per hectare. Gross population density, on the other hand, is four (4) persons per hectare.
Total residential area is 142.4576 with a total population of 69,109, residential density is 485 persons per hectare of residential area. Thus, the municipality has a high residential density. Households density is 110 households per hectare of residential area. Average lot size is 91 sq.m. per household
Population Density by Barangay
|BARANGAY||POPULATION||AREA (has.)||POPULATION DENSITY|
HISTORICAL GROWTH OF POPULATION
The 2010 census yields a total population of 65,493 with an increase of 2,932 from the last censal year of 2007 given a population of 62,561. Growth rate then is 1.54%. This growth rate is lower than that of the province at 1.65%.
The lowest growth rate was between censal years 1903 and 1918 at 0.82% and an increase of only 794 persons. The highest growth rate was in 1970 at 4.39% and an increase of 9,284 persons. (explain the increase….)
Current total population (2012) is 69,109 with a total households of 15,707. Average household size (AHS) is 4.40. With an average growth rate of 2.72%, the population is expected to double in 25 years, that is, in 2037
Historical Growth of Population
|ANNUAL GROWTH RATE (%)|
Historical Growth of Population
FERTILITY AND MORTALITY
Fertility refers to the live births that occur within a population. Fertility represents additions to the population. Data from the Municipal Health Office revealed that there are 247 (to be validated) live births in 2012. Thus giving a crude birth rate of 7.54%.
Mortality refers to the occurrence of death in a population. It is a rough measure of mortality which refers to the number of deaths per 1,000 population.
Ten Leading Causes of Morbidity for the Last Three Years
|No of Deaths|
|URTI/AURI (6 years old to adult)||4,047|
|ARI (0-5 years old)||3,987|
|Upper Respiratory Tract Infection||9,579||8,869|
|Diabetes Mellitus (DM)||249||249|
|Gastro Intestinal Disease (GID)||692||248||451|
|Cardio Vascular Disease||280|
Ten Leading Causes of Mortality for the Last Three Years
2009, 2010, 2011
|No of Deaths|
|CA All Types||79||45||49|
|Cardio Vascular Disease||43||33||37|
|Coronary Obstructive Pulmonary Disease||29||32|
|Congestive Hearts Failure||11||25|
|Death on arrival||6|
|Multiple Organ Failure||13|
Other Population Characteristics
Household population 10 years old and over total to 54,094 in 2012. As to marital status, 21,995 are single persons while 24,390 are married individuals. Widowed persons total to 2,480 and divorced are 675. Those who are living-in or common-law total to 4535 persons. A meager 3.5% are of unknown marital status
Household Population by Mother Tongue, Year 2012
|MOTHER TONGUE||HH POP’N. NO.||% OF TOTAL HH POP’N.|
Source : Census of Population National Statistics Office
About 94% of the population speak Tagalog, considering that Pagbilao is situated in the Southern Tagalog Region. Because of its proximity to the Bicol Region, about 1.47% speak Bicolano. There are also in-migrants from Cebu that speak the Cebuano dialect, 3.304%.
The dominant religious affiliation of the Pagbilaoins is Roman Catholic, including Catholic Charismatic. There are 62,507 individuals who are Catholics. They are followed by 2,929 Iglesia ni Cristo. Other denominations are Jehova’s Witness, Seventh Day Adventist, Bible Baptist Church, to name a few. Per NSO, the discrepancy in the total population as of 2012 could be attributed to the fact that there are individuals who may not have been baptized yet at the time the census was conducted.
POPULATION BY RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION, YEAR 2012
|RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION||NO OF PEOPLE||% TO TOTAL POPULATION|
|Iglesia ni Cristo||2,929||4%|
|Seventh Day Adventist||236||0%|
|Bible Baptist Church||169||0%|
|Door of Faith||162||0%|
|Church of Jesus in the Latter Day Saint||135||0%|
|Philippine Good News Ministry||744||1%|
|Baptist Conference of the Philippines||67||0%|
|Church of God World Mission in the Philippines||47||0%|
|Charismatic Full Gospel Ministry||41||0%|
|Church of Christ||40||0%|
|Other Religious Affiliation||80||0%|
Literacy rate is the percentage of the population who have at least completed a year in elementary education to the population five years old and over. Literacy rate in 2012 is 97% which 3% are considered to be illiterate.
Population Projections and Estimates
Population projections are a basic requirement in planning. These projections are primarily used as basis for estimating future needs for basic services such as education and health services, determining level of demand for facilities and utilities, economic-related needs and corresponding spatial requirements, among others.
For this planning exercise, the combined use of geometric and participation rate methods were used. The derived growth rate of 1.54% was utilized in projecting the population up to the end of the planning period in 2022
Population Projected by Barangay
Annual Urban Growth Rate: 1.54%
Annual Rural Growth Rate: 1.54%
Pagbilao Municipal Hall
Rizal St., Brgy. Sta. Catalina,
Telephone No.: (042) 797-0937
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org [click here]
Philippine National Police
Tel. No.: (042) 797-2854
Bureau of Fire Protection
Tel No.: (042) 797-0932
Tel No.: (042) 797-3092
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